Patterns of adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies in developing countries
As it is widely recognized, developing countries are still struggling to close the gap with developed countries and have also suffered the consequences of premature deindustrialization. Therefore, an open question that needs to be tackled is whether Industry 4.0 provides any opportunities for leapfrogging; or, by contrast, it will keep expanding the gap. Besides, will I4.0 affect equally developing countries or will it have differentiated effects? Which are the capabilities needed to adopt and develop the new technologies embedded in the I4.0? What are the main barriers, if any, to adopt them? Is there any room for developing countries to locally develop these technologies or will they be fully imported from developed countries?
We expect to have some answers to these questions through analyzing different cases of developing countries (e.g. México, Argentina).
Marcela Amaro – IIS-UNAM
Hernán Morero – UNC, CIECS-CONICET